The Art And Science Of Making An Artificial Eye

As we know Disfigured eye is not only a cosmetic problem rather it also has a noticeable impact on the social, personal and professional life of the patient as well as their family. Innovations in Ocularistry and Ophthalmic plastics surgery can help in successful rehabilitation of these patients. The artificial eye (Ocular Prosthesis) is a prosthesis that has several significant functions. It is important to know that it does not restore sight, but it does help to do the following:

1. It can provide the life like look

2. It can help in preventing remaining soft tissue from collapsing

3. It can prevent eyelids and lashes from turning in

4. It can help to facilitate the proper circulation of tears so they can continue to do their job of cleaning and lubricating the socket and lids.

Procedure of Making Ocular Prosthesis

Ocular Prosthesis is fitted over the disfigured eye either after the trauma or after the surgery for restoration of socket and most importantly for cosmetic appearance. This is made by medical grade plastic (PMMA) which is an inert material and very well tolerated by the surrounding eye tissues.

It is made by taking an impression of the eye socket by silicon polymer. The impression of the eye socket is used to make a wax model to determine the size, shape, opening and centration of the eye. Then the iris button (for 3D appearance) is hand painted from direct observation of the fellow eye. This wax model is used to make a cast (white acrylic) of the prosthesis and iris button is fused in it.

This white acrylic is further colored according to other eye to simulate a natural appearance. It is then laminated with a clear plastic protective coating followed by high grade multi stage polishing before dispensing.

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